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Hasani Bandara

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Skin is the largest organ of the human body. Also, the skin performs lots of important functions which are vital for overall health and wellbeing. The general structure of the skin can be identified as the epidermis, the dermis, and the subcutaneous layer. (1)The skin performs mainly three vital functions as protection, regulation, and sensation. The structure of the skin is specialized to different layers as above to perform specialized functions. The epidermis is responsible…

What is Asthma? Normal bronchial tube vs inflamed bronchial tube due to asthma.(Source: Freepick.com) Asthma is an inflammatory disease associated with the respiratory tract. During asthma, the airway lining of the lungs becomes inflamed and swollen. Further, excess mucus production occurs and spasm of the muscles of the respiratory tract occurs. Finally, this results in reduced airflow and difficulty in breathing. These disturbances lead to appear symptoms of asthma. The most prominent symptoms of asthma…

Arthritis Inflammation of hand(Source: Freepik.com) Arthritis is an inflammation caused due to swelling and tenderness of the joints.  Joint is a place where two bones meet. This inflammation can affect one or multiple joints of the body. There are wide varieties of arthritis. Among them, the most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Other forms of arthritis are psoriatic arthritis, gout and lupus. The signs and symptoms of arthritis may vary according…

Diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus, commonly called diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease condition.  Carbohydrates present in food are converted into a simple sugar called glucose within the body. This glucose travels throughout the body via the bloodstream. The beta cells of the pancreas secrete a hormone called insulin. This insulin makes blood glucose to move into cells and utilize for energy. During the disease condition diabetes, your body does not produce the required amount of…

Cholesterol Cholesterol is a key component of the human body. It is essential to make cell membranes, synthesize vitamin D, hormones like estrogen, and testosterone. Cholesterol is synthesized within the liver. This synthesis process is reduced when too much of cholesterol-rich foods are taken. The excess cholesterol is removed from the body by the liver via bile. (1) Cholesterol is transported within the bloodstream through lipoproteins. There are two types of lipoproteins as Low-Density Lipoprotein…

Introduction to the disease One of the common digestive disorders. This condition can be characterized as difficulty in stool passage, irregular stool passage, or both leading to unsatisfactory defecation. Bloating and abdominal discomforts are common symptoms that occur along with constipation. People of any age can affect this disease condition. The causes of the disease can be varied and multi-factorial. Untreated prolonged constipation can lead to rectal bleeding, anal fissures, and hemorrhoids. The severity of…