Carica papaya is a herbaceous perennial plant, which belongs to the family Caricaceae. It is a tropical plant that eventually, produces oval-shaped fruits when it grows. This is the most popular fruit which is grown in different parts of the world with a wide range of varieties. The most common varieties of papaya are the Mexican variety and the Hawaiian variety. It is actually native to tropical America which gradually spread to most tropical and subtropical countries with time. However Now it is widely cultivated in countries like Mexico, China, India, Sri Lanka, Malaya, Venezuela, Brazil, and Africa. So, let’s see the health benefits of papaya.
02. Do you know that this fruit contains lots of essential nutrients??
It contains Vitamins such as Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, lycopene, and Folic acid. Moreover, it’s rich in potassium and dietary fiber. Amongst them, vitamin C and folate are present in high quantities. Papaya can increase iron absorption in the body. So if you are a pregnant woman consume more papaya to maintain a healthy pregnancy period. But be cautious not to eat unripen or semi ripen papaya, because it may have bad effects on pregnancy. (1)
03. Are you aware of the Medicinal value of Papaya??
We consider Papaya as a medicinal plant because many parts of the plant have medicinal properties. Therefore you can use Seeds, leaves, latex, and fruits to derive excellent medicinal characteristics that can be used as remedies for a number of different ailments. The fruit, stem, and leaves of papaya contain plenty of latex. These latexes from the fruit contain enzymes like papain and other compounds including chitinases, cysteine, peptidases, protease inhibitors, alkaloids, and glycosides.
Now the world is more concerning about bioactive compounds. You will be surprised to hear that Apart from above compounds,it contains a lot of bio active compounds like
- steroids(2 )
Obviously these compounds play an important role in the
- Phytochemical activity
- Anticancer activity
- Nutritional value
- Free radical scavenging activity.
04. Use Papaya leaf extract against dengue to see amazing results!!
You can use papaya extracts as a treatment for viral diseases such as dengue fever. Doctors recommend papaya leaf extract for increasing the platelet count of patients. Try to prepare the leaf extract as follows:
- Wash the Papaya leaves thoroughly with water
- Grind the leaves
- Add some amount of sucrose to repress the bitter taste
Give about 25 ml of the extract to the patient twice a day, consecutively for about five days. When taking the daily blood reports, You will be amazed to see the improvement of platelet count and white blood cell counts. (3)
Furthermore these important compounds in papaya help in preventing diseases like heart diseases, asthma, cancer, and rheumatoid arthritis mainly and promoting lung health and immunity. (3)
05. Do you know how important papaya juice is??
Juice or the extract of papaya seeds is important to protect kidney disfunction because of flavonoids and phenolic compounds. Besides these seeds can also protect from a number of infections and it can avoid typhoid disease when used with milk.
06. Disease Prevention of Papaya
01. What are the anticancer effects of phytochemicals in papaya??
Papaya contains phenolics, carotenoids, and glucosinolates which have the best anti-cancer properties. And also it contains other phytochemicals such as lycopene, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, beta-cryptoxanthin, etc. Particularly Lycopene is the compound that gives the bright red-orange color to papaya. You may be amazed to hear that the same compound responsible for appealing color has the most important effects on cancer prevention.
- This compound is highly unsaturated and it undergoes many oxidative and non-oxidative mechanisms. Because of this unsaturation lycopene can prevent the phosphorylation of certain proteins that have cancer-inducing properties.
- Other than that this amazing compound avoids cell proliferation of certain cancer cell lines.
- Another benefit of lycopene in papaya is that, if you eat papaya while having Green tea as a routine, it will reduce the risk of prostate cancer to a greater extent. Lycopene and other antioxidant compounds in papaya and green tea which is a reservoir of antioxidants will act together to reduce cancer cell growth. (5)
02. Anti- inflammatory effects of papaya
Do you know Papaya is good at reducing inflammation? These effects are due to papain and chymopapain enzymes. Vitamin C and vitamin E available in the fruit and leaves which have anti-oxidant properties also have the ability to lower inflammation too. Now it’s clear why this fruit help to improve healing from burns. In addition to the above effects, this fruit will provide protection against rheumatoid arthritis. If you have severe asthma or rheumatoid arthritis better to eat more papaya to reduce inflammation. Because the disease condition can get worsen with a high degree of inflammation. So consume more papaya frequently, and reduce the risk of arthritis. (6,7)
03. Papaya for lung health
Have you ever wondered why some smokers do not suffer from any ailments although they smoke severely? Perhaps there may be a reason for that.
Papaya is rich in vitamin A and many other bioactive compounds. Some late researches suggest that lung cancer and emphysema occur in smokers due to vitamin A deficiency. So if you have Vitamin A rich diet you have a chance of saving your body from lung cancer. Now you may understand why Papaya help in preventing lung cancer and emphysema. As it provides high quantities of vitamin A in the diet it will help to reduce those ailments. But, to stay healthy just consuming papaya won’t help. You need to adjust your diet to get sufficient health benefits. (6, 8)
04. Papaya for your immunity
Vitamin C and vitamin A in papaya are vital for the proper functioning of your healthy immune system. Routine consumption will help you to prevent recurrent infections and promote the immune system. Therefore It can be used as a remedy for preventing illnesses such as colds and ear infections. (8,9)
Organize your diet from now on…
To achieve more health benefits of papaya, consume the fruit in an appropriate way. Include raw papaya salads, green papaya salads, raw papaya cubes, papaya jam, papaya salsa and papaya bars to your diet. You will be surprised by the results!!
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